Vertical Agreement Method
Contracting parties may include restrictions or contractual obligations in vertical agreements to protect an investment or simply to ensure day-to-day activity (for example. B, sales, supply or purchase agreements). As is well known, rules on vertical agreements, Act 4054 and the category exemption release on vertical agreements No. 2002/2 (“communicated”) are established. According to the fourth section of Act 4054, “the concerted agreements and practices of companies and the decisions and practices of business associations whose purpose or effect or potential effect or effect are, directly or indirectly, to prevent, distort or restrict competition in a given market for goods and services are illegal and prohibited.” If the requirements of Fifth Act 4054 are met, businesses may be exempt from section 4. This exemption may take the form of recognition of the exemption by category through the press release or an individual exemption decision. Two or more companies at different levels of production and distribution are exempt from the prohibition under section 4 of Act 4054 as a category exemption. This article is the subject of this article, the group exemptions recognized by vertical agreements. Vertical agreements allow companies to effectively market and market products; The result is increased competition between brands. If the requirements are met, certain marks may be excused from the prohibition under section 4 of Competition Act 4054 (“Law 4054”), pursuant to Article 2 of the Press Release, vertical agreements such as: “Agreements between two or more companies concluded at different levels of the production or distribution chain for the purpose of buying, selling or reselling certain goods or services.” In other respects, vertical agreements are agreements between companies that are not each other because of their market position, authorized distribution, franchise, service and distributor agreements.
As stated in the seventh article of the communiqué with vertical agreements, the communiqué also applies to vertically concerted practices. The Commission has published a communication on low-importance agreements (de minimis communication). In this opinion, the Commission describes what needs to be subject to a significant restriction of competition. The Swedish Competition Authority has given similar general guidelines for minor agreements. Vertical restrictions are generally less damaging than horizontal restrictions and can have positive effects on competition and consumers. From a competition perspective, vertical restrictions are generally only problematic if one of the parties is exposed to insufficient competition, i.e. when one of the parties occupies a strong position in the market. Another regulation on purchase agreements relating to products resulting from the combination of parts is included in Article 4, paragraph e, paragraph 1, of the communiqué. The delivery agreement between the supplier that markets these parts and the purchaser who uses these parts in production should not prevent the supplier from selling these parts to the end consumer or repairers who are not authorized by the buyer to maintain or repair the goods.