In May 1999, Ehud Barak of the Labor Party defeated Netanyahu in the national elections and promised to take “courageous steps” to forge a comprehensive peace in the Middle East. However, negotiations with the PLO failed in July 2000, when Barak and Arafat could not reach an agreement at a summit in Camp David, Maryland. In September 2000, the worst violence erupted since the israeli-Palestinian intifada broke out, after Likud leader Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount, Jerusalem`s holiest Islamic site. In search of a strong leader to quell the bloodshed, the Israelis elected Sharon Prime Minister in February 2001. Although he pledged to join the “war on terror” in America after the September 11, 2001, attacks, Mr. Arafat was unable to join U.S. President George W. Bush, who is strongly pro-Israel. In December 2001, following a series of Palestinian suicide bombings against Israel, Bush did nothing to stop Israel by recapturing territories in the West Bank and occupying parts of Ramallah and locking Arafat up at the Palestinian Authority headquarters. It is a “historic step towards real and lasting peace” throughout the region. In September 1995, Rabin, Arafat and Peres signed a peace agreement that provides for the extension of Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank and democratic elections to designate the leadership of the Palestinian Authority. Just over a month later, on November 4, 1995, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist at a peace rally in Tel Aviv. Peres became Prime Minister and promised to continue the peace process.

However, terrorist attacks by Palestinian extremists in early 1996 denied Israeli public opinion and in May Benjamin Netanyahu was elected prime minister by the right-wing Likud party. Mr. Netanyahu insisted that the President of the Palestinian Authority, Arafat, respect his commitment to end terrorism by Palestinian extremists, but sporadic attacks continued and the peace process became enserable. Omani Ambassador to the United States Hunaina al-Mughairy will attend the peace agreement signing ceremony today at the White House, a spokesman for the Oman Embassy confirmed to the Times of Israel. Other countries will follow, Netanyahu says. “It was unthinkable a few years ago, but with determination, determination, a new perspective on how peace is done,” Netanyahu says. “Thank you, Mr. President.” Through improved Israel`s relations with the Gulf countries, Mr. Netanyahu pleaded for peace to be achieved first for these countries, in the hope that they would bring the Palestinians.

Kerry had avoided this approach until the proposal for a regional peace initiative (which the Palestinians were not aware of and which other regional actors had not approved at the time) at a secret meeting held on 21 February 2016 in Akaba, which was also attended by King Abudllah of Jordan and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Mr. Netanyahu suggested that he initiated the proposal, not Kerry, which surprised his subsequent rejection of the idea. Israel Channel 12 is hosting a joint programme with the hosts of Dubai TV and a Bahraini network, broadcast simultaneously in Israel, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain in honour of the peace agreements. “I think what you`re seeing now is the beginning of the end of the long-running Arab-Israeli conflict,” Kushner says. “It really indicates the beginning that the president brings people together. A lot of people said, when President Trump was elected, that he would bring war and chaos, but what he brings today is peace. The second agreement was the framework of The Camp David for the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

The Israeli withdrawal from Sinai followed in 1979. This was the first recognition of Israel as a state by a large Arab country.